The commission spent almost four months in Ireland, and its final report, partly drafted by Calvert, concluded that religious conformity should be enforced more strictly in Ireland, Catholic schools be suppressed, and bad priests removed and punished.
Congressman Calvert introduced legislation establishing the U. This grant covered the land which had long before been granted to Virginia, and what was now granted to Lord Baltimore was in part subsequently given to William Penn.
He consented to an act establishing paper money, backed by tobacco export, in an effort to improve the economy. To protect them against marauding French warships, a recent hazard in the area, since the recent founding of New France in the interior modern Lower Canada of the 18th and 19th centuries, Province of Quebec and Dominion of Canada along the St.
At first, Stone, the lieutenant of the proprietor, was removed; but was soon restored, on his consenting to acknowledge the authority of Parliament. Even taxes could not be imposed upon the inhabitants without their consent.
In Baltimore had sent Captain Edward Wynne to Newfoundland to establish a small settlement named Ferryland; two years later he procured a charter for the colony under the name Avalon. Cecil said that Catholics and Protestants should not be allowed to argue with each other about their beliefs.
Calvert, the governor, was compelled to take refuge in Virginia. Stone, Samuel Sprigg and Thos. Having organized a military band, Stone assumed the government, intending to maintain his position by force; but the Protestant party resisted, and, at length, a battle ensued, in which the Catholics were defeated, with a loss of fifty killed.
At first, when few in number, the freemen assembled in person, and enacted the necessary laws; but, init was found expedient to constitute a "house of assembly. At first, Stone, the lieutenant of the proprietor, was removed; but was soon restored, on his consenting to acknowledge the authority of Parliament.
Inhowever, Protestant rebels overthrew the government of the third Lord Baltimore. Political success[ edit ] Calvert named his son "Cecilius" — for Sir Robert Cecil, first Earl of Salisbury —  spymaster to Queen Elizabeth, whom Calvert had met during an extended trip to the European mainland between and after which he became known as a specialist in foreign affairs.
The Protestants attempted to subdue the Catholics by force, and were compelled to relinquish the government into the hands of the former.
He sailed at a time when English military preparations were underway to relieve the Huguenots at La Rochelle. This man, under license of the king to trade with the Indians, had farmed a settlement an the Island of Kent, nearly opposite Annapolis; and when the grant was made to Lard Baltimore, he refused to submit to his authority, and attempted to maintain his possession by force of arms.
A series of Royal governors held the reigns of state until To protect them against marauding French warships, a recent hazard in the area, since the recent founding of New France in the interior modern Lower Canada of the 18th and 19th centuries, Province of Quebec and Dominion of Canada along the St.
The Maryland assembly confiscated his estate, and declared him guilty of treason. Philip Calvert retook St. Without consulting the diplomatically astute Calvert, the prince and the duke travelled to Spain to negotiate the Spanish marriage for themselves, with disastrous results.
Paul Street statue, erected November 21,under the auspices of the Society of Colonial Wars of the State of Maryland, celebrates the fact that Cecil "established in In Mayhe wrote to Wentworth:In one of the darkest moments of America’s industrial history, the Triangle Shirtwaist Company factory in New York City burns down, killing workers, on this day in Cecil Calvert was the 2nd Lord Baltimore.
It is after him that the Maryland city of Baltimore is named after. Thus, in American history, Lord Baltimore usually refers to Cecil Calvert. George Calvert, First Lord Baltimore (c. ) George Calvert was the first person to dream of a colony in America where Catholics and Protestants could prosper together.
He was born in Yorkshire, England and studied at Trinity College at Oxford. Maryland began as a colony in when King Charles I promised George Calvert, the first Lord Baltimore, a colony north of Virginia. Before he could visit the colony, George Calvert died.
His son, Cecilius, became the second Lord Baltimore and the Lord Proprietor of Maryland.
George Calvert, Lord Baltimore As a reward for loyal service, the king granted Lord Baltimore, a Catholic nobleman, control of Maryland Lord Baltimore wanted Maryland to be a wealthy colony as well as a safe place for Catholics.
George Calvert, Lord Baltimore As a reward for loyal service, the king granted Lord Baltimore, a Catholic nobleman, control of Maryland Lord Baltimore wanted Maryland to be a wealthy colony as well as a safe place for Catholics.Download